Any hope of peaceful postwar cooperation between the U.S. and the Soviet Union had all but disappeared by the time the Allied Powers accepted the Axis Powers' surrender in 1945. By the end of WWII, wartime partnership that existed between the United States and the Soviet Union was disintegrating into a struggle between two nations with opposing political, economic, and social ideologies.
Today, we will look at the origins of the Cold War, the differences between the American and Soviet ideologies as stated in the Truman Doctrine and how the post-WWII globe aligned behind these two superpowers for what will be over four decades.
- Conflicts in what two nations led Truman to make his speech? Why did Truman believe the United States was responsible for helping these nations?
- Truman stated that "nearly every nation must choose between alternative ways of life." What choices was he referring to?
- According to Truman, what were the primary objectives of United States foreign policy and in arguing that assisting these two nations was combating a threat to worldwide political stability?